Until recently, acne, i.e. pimples and blackheads, were associated with a hormonal storm of adolescence. However, nowadays, dermatologists more and more often find adults with acne. Treatment of this skin disease is not easy, however, thanks to modern medicines and dermatological procedures one can get rid of troublesome pimples, as well as scars that remain after them.
Acne is a problem, as it turns out, not only for teenagers, but also for adults. Anyone who has struggled with pimples, pustules and blackheads knows that although it is easy to win the fight against them, it is difficult to win the war. However, it is really possible – the latest therapies are effective. The condition: quick treatment and consistency. Acne is not only an aesthetic defect, it is a skin disease, like others – so it should be treated by a specialist. The first steps should be directed to a dermatologist.
Three phases of acne development
Skin lesions may vary depending on the severity of the disease.
Blackheads are the first stage of acne. They look like whitish or black spots (commonly called blackheads). They appear not only on the face, but also on the shoulders, décolletage or back, i.e. in places where there are most sebaceous glands.
Dullness and pustules are a moderately severe form of acne. On the skin you can see convex, reddish lesions, which indicate the development of inflammation around the sebaceous glands.
Check also: sebum control
Nodules of blue-red colour, filled with pus inside – at this stage of the disease, the infection covers deeper layers of the skin, and deep cysts leave permanent scars.
Acne – the skin becomes oily under the influence of stress
Acne is usually hereditary – in people susceptible to sebaceous glands produce more sebum. If this is accompanied by excessive cornification of the skin, the problem is ready. The exfoliated epidermis clogs the sebaceous gland mouths (they are connected to the hair follicles), forming blackheads. They become the medium for bacteria living in hair follicles.
Problems with skin in teenagers are facilitated by a rapid increase in the secretion of sex hormones, which strongly stimulate the sebaceous glands to work. After the age of 20, when the level of hormones is stable, the problem disappears by itself.
It is not known exactly what acne can cause in adults. Doctors assume that some people simply have an individual tendency to overproduction of sebum, e.g. as a result of disorders in the secretion of hormones. The work of the sebaceous glands can be exacerbated by stress (the skin is one of the organs strongly reacting to mental stimuli), as well as by taking certain drugs – antidepressants or hormones.
If you want to get rid of acne once and for all, see your dermatologist as soon as possible. This is especially true for those people whose home care procedures do not work and new blackheads or pimples are constantly appearing. When you start the therapy, arm yourself with patience. You can wait many months for success, but don’t be discouraged by the first failures. What treatment is usually offered by a dermatologist?
Help from outside. The doctor records antibacterial ointments and gels for lubrication of skin lesions. They facilitate the emptying of sebum glands and reduce its production. Treatment from the inside. When acne is advanced, pustules are numerous and there is a risk of permanent scars on the skin, the dermatologist records not only gels and creams, but also an oral antibiotic.